- Teja is a name of Sanskrit origin, meaning radiant. However, it may also be a short form of the name Dorothy, used in slavic countries. It is a common name in Slovenia (where Dorothy is Doroteja). Since Dorothy or Doroteja means the gift of god, and theos means god, we could conclude that Teja also means goddess. Teja can also be short for Indian names such as Tejaswi or Tejaswini which also means radiant.